Initial research has been done to understand the organization and regulation of the waste management sector. This research resulted in the following paper, which has been the basis for development of the waste management sub-model.
Paper about the organization of the waste management sector (in Danish)
A partial static model for waste management and recycling has currently been developed and will be described in an upcoming paper. The following is a brief summary of the model.
Based on a division of the National Accounts sector “383900 Waste management and materials recovery”, the sub-model describes production in the following five waste management subsectors:
- 383901 Collection of non-dangerous and dangerous waste
- 383902 Treatment and disposal of non-dangerous and dangerous waste
- 383903 Disposal of waste for energy production
- 383904 Recycling
- 383905 Remediation of soil and groundwater and other forms of pollution control
The waste collection subsector (383901) collects all waste in the economy, after it is initially sorted by firms and households. Firms in the model pay a price for their waste to be collected and delivered to the waste treatment subsectors (383902-383905). Seen in isolation, the collection process gives a negative profit, due to the costs faced by waste collection firms when collecting waste and delivering it for treatment. However, since the waste collection firms operate under the break-even principle, the government ensures zero-profits through lump-sum transfers.All waste is delivered to the waste treatment subsectors (383902-383905), which also operate under the break-even principle.
It is assumed in the model that all waste in principle can be incinerated, while not all waste can be recycled. Some quantity of “secondary waste” is therefore produced, which is either incinerated or stored as landfill. The quantity of secondary waste is currently unknown, although this can be analyzed using the EASETECH-model in cooperation with DTU. It is also an ambition, that emissions from the recycling process are added to the waste management sub-model. These emissions are important for the sub-model’s description of emissions from the waste treatment process and will be added later through the cooperation with DTU.
The following paper is a tentative working paper about the sub-model for waste management and recycling.
Paper about the sub-model for waste management and recycling